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A Town Ichalkaranji is located in Kolhapur district in Western Maharashtra, India, on the bank Panchaganga River.  The town is situated on the eastern region of Sahyadri Mountains, between 16.7° N and 74.47° E and has an average elevation of 538 meters (1768 feet It falls under the Time Zone of IST +5:30). According to the last Population Census of 2001, it had a population of 257,702.

The important codes for this city are:

Pin code – 416115

Telephone code – 0230

Vehicle Registration - MH 09

Ichalkaranji is known as the Manchester of Maharashtra.Ichalkaranji is a Princely state situated on the banks of Panchganga River (Marathi: पंचगंगानदी). Ichalkaranji city is supposed a place amongst the cities having highest per capita income in the country.For the last two centuries it was ruled by the Ghorpade dynasty. Shrimant Narayanrao Babasaheb Ghorpade wasthe chief of state. He was liable for developing the Ichalkaranji village into an Imperative Industrial town. He is amongst the one who contributed liberal donations to educational Institutions throughout the country. He was the main founder of inspiration for the progress of both the decentralized textile industry as well as the co-operative movement. He encourage to young entrepreneur, Mr Vitthalrao Datar, to install a power loom in 1904. Possibly, this was the first power loom started in the decentralized textile industry of the country. Thus, Ichalkaranji has given a new concepts and dimensions to the textile field of India.

The City is rapidly growing and now merging with neighbouring Jaysingpur town to form a large satellite outlying township with Sangli city which is just 24 kilometres (15 mi) away.


The name ‘Ichalkaranji’ is a compilation of three different words i.e. Ichy, Uchi and Karanji - these were the three small villages which existed during the 18th century. In 1893, His Highness Shrimant Narayanrao Ghorpade laid the foundation for the municipal council of Ichalkaranji. Far ahead, the visionary Shri Vitthalrao Datar started the first handloom in 1904. His Tone sensed the future potential of this industry and helped the weavers and businessman by providing availability of free land and the required donation.

The further boost was given by many legendary entrepreneurs like DattajiraoKadam, KalappanaAwade, etc. Mr. Awade started the Textile and Engineering Institute of Ichalkaranji in 1982. In the history of Textile Industry this institute became the momentous, which took the name of the city to greater altitudes by providing excellent manpower to the industry.


As per the 2010 census, Ichalkaranji had a population of 4, 20,000. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Ichalkaranji has an average literacy rate of 73%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 91%, and female literacy is 66%. In Ichalkaranji, 13% of the population is under 6 years of age.

The religion diversity in Ichalkaranji is represented by Hindus, Jains, and Muslims. The languages widely spoken are Marathi, Hindi, and English. Other regional languages like Kannada, Guajarati, and Marwari are also well spoken in the business circles.

People and Culture:  Ichalkaranji as a business entity can be simply divided into two economic strata - Labour class and Business class. People either own textile related business or they work in one. The people staying here are stiff workers. People are very kind and helpful in nature. They have a traditional cum modern culture. People of Ichalkaranji celebrate each cultural and religious activity with much anxiety.


Textiles are the backbone of the economy in Ichalkaranji. It is the fastest growing industrial area in western Maharashtra. Earlier, Ichalkaranji was famous for cotton cloths, dhotis and saris. With the changing market situation, it produces not only cotton but also suiting, shirting, denim cloth, canvas, cambric, etc. as it has made a remarkable development in terms of technology. In 2006, the city was sanctioned under the Textile Cluster scheme of central government and today it is well equipped with all the amenities and facilities required for the textile industry. Ichalkaranji boasts of approximately 2-2.5 lacks of Power looms and 50,000 Semi-auto looms. There are 7 yarn Spinning mills in and around Ichalkaranji. It also has 4 textile parks coming-up in its environs. Ichalkaranji surely has obtained a place in the textile map of the World. Because of all these ventures, Ichalkaranji is proudly known as the ‘Manchester City’ of Maharashtra.

Other than textiles, the economy is now booming with diversified industries like auto components manufacturers, educational institutes, foundry, food industry, green houses, sugar factory, etc. 


 Ichalkaranji is well connected by road and railway to the near-by cities of Kolhapur (23 km), Sangli (30 km), Belgaum (110 km), and Pune (240 km). The town is equipped with one the best State Transport facility in the state and the railway station is situated at a distance of 8 km from the central bus stand. The Pune-Bangalore national highway is at a distance of 20 km. The nearest airport is of Kolhapur at 22 km.

Ichalkaranji has been awarded the ‘Best Town’ under Gadgebaba Cleanliness Mission. It has well built roads, proper supply of water & electricity and new residential townships to cater the growing population. Roads connecting the 3 major industrial estates of the town are again constructed under the Textile Cluster program. Sewage Treatment plants are been developed to treat the pollutant water of different industries.Since the beginning of 20th century, Ichalkaranji is a town well-known for cultural activities. The classical vocal singing was pioneered in Ichalkaranji by Pandit BalkrishnaBua and the tradition continues till today. There are academies like Pandit BalkrishnaBua Sangeet Sadhana Mandal, state-of-art Ghorpade Natyagruha which is spreading the Indian art forms in the young generation. They also host many cultural programs throughout the year which help in spreading cultural awareness amongst people.

Textile industry

Before 1980, Ichalkaranji was famous for cotton poplin, dhoti, and cotton saris. In mid-1980s, weavers of the city started producing denim, canvas, chiffon, and fabric for school uniforms (khaki drill). Fabrics such as seersucker, Oxford, herringbone,ripstop, chambray, tweed, and twill made in or around the Ichalkaranji city are used by many domestic and international fashion brands such as Raymond’s of India, Armani, Banana Republic, Hugo Boss, and Paul Smith. The presence of a qualified workforce and the level of technical know-how and easy accessibility to finest weavers of Ichalkaranji for outsoaring and over all good social ambiance were among the factors that influenced Italian textile major Tessitura Monti, Turkish textile maker ‘Soktas’, Bombay Rayon Fashions Ltd (BRFL), Raymond Zambaiti Ltd (A joint venture of Raymond’s Ltd and internationally renowned Cotonificio Honegger S.P.A ,part of GruppoZambaiti), world famous German Men’s wear brands Liebe, Boys R Bad and Looty etc, while planning investment near Ichalkaranji city.


Yarn sizing is a preparatory process before weaving. This process gives strength to yarn. City has approximately 175 sizing units, working 24 hours a day, 6 days a week.

Textile Development Cluster : To enhance and improve the infrastructure facilities of the city, Municipal Council along with Ichalkaranji Co-operative Industrial Estate, Laxmi Co-operative Industrial Estate, Parvati Industrial Estate and DKTE’s Textile and Engineering Institute have jointly come together and formed a Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) company viz. “Ichalkaranji Textile Development Cluster Limited (ITDC).The individual members will contribute to the extent of about 50% of the project cost and the balance amount would come in from the grant in aid from Department of Industrial Promotion and Policy, Government of India, under the Industrial Infrastructure up-gradation Scheme (IIUS).


Ichalkaranji Textile Development Cluster (ITDC), a company, incorporated under the companies Act, 1956, is a Special Purpose Vehicle promoted by Ichalkaranji to undertake infrastructure development project under the IIUS. The main objects of the SPV Company are:

To form a Textile Cluster, a local agglomeration of small, medium and large textile and ancillary enterprises, which are engaged in production, marketing range of related and complementary products and services to provide adequate water supply, roads, drainage system, power facilities, common infrastructure facilities such as Waste processing plant for Textile Industries.